Study for Luke 11:1-4

Luke 11:1-4

[Jesus] was praying in a certain place, and after he had finished, one of his disciples said to him, ‘Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.’ He said to them, ‘When you pray, say:

Father, hallowed be your name.

Your kingdom come.

Give us each day our daily bread.

And forgive us our sins,

for we ourselves forgive everyone indebted to us.

And do not bring us to the time of trial.’


Title page to Luther's "Der kleine Catechismus" (The Small Cathechism) 1536. from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Der_kleine_Catechismus_1535.jpg

When Martin Luther took a tour of local churches, he found that many had not been taught the basics of the Christian faith. This led him to write the catechisms. The Large Catechism was intended for pastors to study while the Small Catechism was intended for use in the household. Luther encouraged the head of each household to use it to teach around the dinner table.


As you read Luther's explanations of the Lord's Prayer, consider the following items:

  • How does Luther make the prayer more expansive?

  • How does this prayer become a teaching tool (like how Jesus used it to teach the disciples how to pray)?

  • What new things do you notice?

  • What comforts you? What challenges you?



Introduction

Our Father in heaven.

What is this? or What does this mean?

With these words God wants to attract us, so that we come to believe he is truly our Father and we are truly his children, in order that we may ask him boldly and with complete confidence, just as loving children ask their loving father.


The First Petition

Hallowed be your name.

What is this? or What does this mean?

It is true that God's name is holy in itself, but we ask in this prayer that it may also become holy in and among us.

How does this come about?

Whenever the word of God is taught clearly and purely and we, as God's children, also live holy lives according to it. To this end help us, dear Father in heaven! However, whoever teaches and lives otherwise than the word of God teaches, dishonors the name of God among us. Preserve us from this, heavenly Father!


The Second Petition

Your kingdom come.

What is this? or What does this mean?

In fact, God's kingdom comes on its own without our prayer, but we ask in this prayer that it may also come to us.

How does this come about?

Whenever our heavenly Father gives us his Holy Spirit, so that through the Holy Spirit's grace we believe God's holy word and live godly lives here in time and hereafter in eternity.


The Third Petition

Your will be done on earth as in heaven.

What is this? or What does this mean?

In fact, God's good and gracious will comes about without our prayer, but we ask in this prayer that it may also come about in and among us.

How does this come about?

Whenever God breaks and hinders every evil scheme and will—as are present in the will of the devil, the world, and our flesh—that would not allow us to hallow God's name and would prevent the coming of his kingdom, and instead whenever God strengthens us and keeps us steadfast in his word and in faith until the end of our lives. This is God's gracious and good will.


The Fourth Petition

Give us today our daily bread.

What is this? or What does this mean?

In fact, God gives daily bread without our prayer, even to all evil people, but we ask in this prayer that God cause us to recognize what our daily bread is and to receive it with thanksgiving.

What then does "daily bread" mean?

Everything included in the necessities and nourishment for our bodies, such as food, drink, clothing, shoes, house, farm, fields, livestock, money, property, an upright spouse, upright children, upright members of the household, upright and faithful rulers, good government, good weather, peace, health, decency, honor, good friends, faithful neighbors, and the like.


The Fifth Petition

Forgive us our sins, as we forgive those who sin against us.

What is this? or What does this mean?

We ask in this prayer that our heavenly Father would not regard our sins nor deny these petitions on their account, for we are worthy of nothing for which we ask, nor have we earned it. Instead we ask that God would give us all things by grace, for we daily sin much and indeed deserve only punishment. So, on the other hand, we, too, truly want to forgive heartily and to do good gladly to those who sin against us.


The Sixth Petition

Save us from the time of trial.

What is this? or What does this mean?

It is true that God tempts no one, but we ask in this prayer that God would preserve and keep us, so that the devil, the world, and our flesh may not deceive us or mislead us into false belief, despair, and other great and shameful sins, and that, although we may be attacked by them, we may finally prevail and gain the victory.


The Seventh Petition

And deliver us from evil.

What is this? or What does this mean?

We ask in this prayer, as in a summary, that our Father in heaven may deliver us from all kinds of evil—affecting body or soul, property or reputation—and at last, when our final hour comes, may grant us a blessed end and take us by grace from this valley of tears to himself in heaven.


Conclusion

[For the kingdom, the power, and the glory are yours, now and forever.] Amen.

What is this? or What does this mean?

That I should be certain that such petitions are acceptable to and heard by our Father in heaven, for he himself commanded us to pray like this and has promised to hear us. "Amen, amen" means "Yes, yes, it is going to come about just like this."


Share your reflections with a friend, in our Facebook group or with pastorlecia@risenlordlc.org.

15 views

Recent Posts

See All

Weekly News - Streams in the Desert

Psalm 1: The Two Ways Happy are those who do not follow the advice of the wicked, or take the path that sinners tread, or sit in the seat of scoffers; but their delight is in the law of the Lord, and

  • White Facebook Icon

Risen Lord

Lutheran Church

317-535-6727

office@risenlordlc.org

3758 West Whiteland Road

Bargersville, Indiana 46106

Sunday Worship at 10 am

school logo.png
  • White Facebook Icon

Risen Lord

Montessori School

317-535-6728

school@risenlordlc.org

3758 West Whiteland Road

Bargersville, Indiana 46106

Call for a tour!

RL Logo - trans.png